Seizure Medications for Cats and Dogs

Just like people, your favorite pets can have convulsions. Pet lover go through excruciating pain seeing their beloved pets going through seizures. Seizures in pets can be due to many reasons or conditions. This article will explain to you some of these causes of seizures, and you can do to give your pet the best care possible.

Seizure Medications for Cats and Dogs

Seizures in Cats and Dogs

Convulsions due to epilepsy may be recurring in your pets due to many reasons. Brain tumors seem to be the common reason behind seizures in older pets, which in most cases walk in circles and stumble all over. There are specific conditions such as the buildup of toxins in the blood that may cause seizures.

Seizures in cats and dogs may be caused by encephalitis (inflammation in the brain) resulting from untreated infection or a blow in the head due to trauma. Some head injuries may cause scars in the injured area leading to seizures that may be evident sometimes later.

There are cases where seizures tend to be inherited. Inheriting seizure is common in the following breeds golden retrievers, collies, poodles, Siberian huskies, cocker spaniels, Saint Bernard, wire-haired fox terriers, Labrador retrievers, and miniature schnauzers.

When you are in a situation where you need to deal with the uncertainty of pet having seizures, do not panic, make sure that the animal is on the floor (a flat surface) where it cannot injure itself. Most seizures should end within a minute. If you are unfortunate to witness a quick succession of seizures within a short time, call your veterinary or emergency services as soon as possible.

If your vet can diagnose the underlying causes of seizures, treatment should be directed to the source of the problem found in your cat or dog. In some cases, try using different drugs in the right prescriptions that relate to how the pet responds

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At What Age is a Seizure Common in Cats and Dogs, and how it Look Like?

Between the ages of one and five, most pets may have an experience of what a seizure will look like. Pets undergoing convulsions will typically fall on its side with legs stretching outwards and have its back arched. You can hear some whining of pets, but that does not mean they are in pain.

Pets undergoing convulsions will empty their bladders and bowels; they clench their jaws in the initial stages. If the seizure seems to affect one side of the body, your pet will remain conscious but with still be rigid and until the seizure has passed.

Pet owners wrongfully misinterpret some forms of seizures as a quirkiness. Such actions include facial muscles get jerky or your pet snapping at invisible files or running around in circles.

Treatment for Seizures

When you visit your veterinarian for seizure medication for cats and dogs, the chances are that you are likely to discuss some if not all of the following prescriptions.

Levetiracetam (Keppra)

The common brand name is Keppra. The prescription is used as a primary remedy or add-on medication that contains potassium bromide for seizure treatments. The metabolism of Keppra does not take place in the kidneys. Therefore, its prescription is fit for dogs with kidney ailments. Most vets will vote this drug as an alternative to drug-resistant seizures.


After its approval in by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in 1993, the prescription works well in cases of epilepsy in humans while at the same time was available for veterinarians for the treatment of seizures in both cats and dogs.

Using Felbamate alongside phenobarbital or potassium bromide should not cause sedation. At the vets’ clinic, you will buy it as Felbatol, and it is generally effective where previous use of anticonvulsants have not been successful.


Phenobarbital acts a depressant by decreasing the brains activity in the neurons. The resultant effect is the reduction of brain activity, which lessens the occurrences of brain seizures. It is affordable and easy to administer. Its effectiveness is evident in the treatment of 60-80% of epilepsy cases found in cats and dogs

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Diazepam (Valium)

Valium is commonly used as a remedy to lost appetite and acts as an anti-depressant. In both cats and dogs, it is a medication used to reduce continuous cases of seizures called the status epilepticus or in simple terms the cluster seizure behavior.

Potassium Bromide (KBr)

Potassium bromide is an anticonvulsant used in treating canine and feline epilepsy. Using it alongside phenobarbital (for pets that tolerate phenobarbital) to control seizures. Remember that on its own the effect in controlling seizures is the same. The advantage of using potassium bromide is that it does not affect the liver. KBr may work well for dogs and cats with liver complications as an alternative medication to epilepsy


Zonisamide is another anticonvulsant prescription that is common in treating cats and dogs. The medication should lock all calcium and sodium channels to reduce seizures. Vets will prescribe it as a lone therapy commonly given as an add-on medication to potassium bromide or phenobarbital.


Gabapentin works well as seizure medication for both cats and dogs. It two main functions are to relieve pain and control seizures. It is an ideal medicine for refractory seizures (seizures that are uncontrollable and not yet responding positively to other medications) in cats and dogs.

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Cats and dogs seizures can be a stressful time for you, in as much as seizures are not painful; most have very few side effects. However, certain factors may push your lovely pet to suffer the permanent consequences such as brain damage. These effects relate to the type of seizure, length of seizure, and the frequency of seizure. 

Any cat or dog that suffers a seizure should see a vet. An emergency seizure situation where the duration of seizure goes on for at least five minutes or when the pet has had two seizures in a row. Always observe the time of seizure and be ready to visit the local veterinary clinic or hospital.

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